Compared to Muslims in the United States, those in Europe are less integrated and more vulnerable to radicalization.
By JOSHUA ROBBIN MARKS/THE MEDIA LINE
NOVEMBER 6, 2020 08: 07
Law enforcement officer take part in an anti-terrorism operation in Barcelona, Spain, July 14, 2020
( picture credit: REUTERS)
Counterterrorism analysts who spoke to The Media Line a day after a fatal attack by a founded guilty Islamic State fan in Austria’s capital of Vienna associated numerous factors to the Islamist extremist violence seen in Europe recently but not in the United States.
Austrian Interior Minister Karl Nehammer on Tuesday said that 14 individuals were detained in 18 raids in Lower Austria and Vienna but that police believe that the attack in the central area of the city near the primary synagogue on the eve of a COVID-19 lockdown was performed by an only gunman.
Kujtim Fejzulai, 20, a double Austrian and North Macedonian national, was shot dead by authorities Monday night, but not before eliminating four individuals and injuring 22 in the rampage, including a law enforcement officer who attempted to obstruct of the attacker, according to authorities.
The suspect was convicted in April of last year for trying to take a trip to Syria to join Islamic State as a member and was released early from a 22- month jail sentence in December.
” The other day’s attack was clearly an Islamist terror attack,” Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz stated. Nehammer likewise referred to the suspect as an “Islamist terrorist.”
The Vienna shooting follows a series of Islamic fear attacks in France consisting of the beheading of a teacher in a Paris residential area and the deadly stabbing of 3 people at a basilica in the southern French city of Nice.
” There appears to be less combination among the Muslim communities in Europe than in the United States,” Julie Coleman, senior research study fellow at the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism– The Hague, told The Media Line. “Integration is not ideal in the United States, and this is not to say that anti-Muslim sentiment is not an issue in the US. Muslim communities are not marginalized to the exact same degree as we see in numerous European nations.”
Coleman included that Europe is apparently captured up in a cycle where whenever there is an attack committed by an Islamist extremist, it increases anti-Muslim belief that makes integration more difficult and radicalization easier.
It is the second- and third-generation European Muslims who are susceptible to radicalization due to the fact that they can feel pushed away from the larger society and are exposed to incitement by spiritual leaders, Dr. Michael Barak, senior researcher at the International Institute for Counter-Terrorism in Herzliya, Israel, told The Media Line.
Barak said that in Austria, for instance, there are Muslims living there mainly from Turkey, Albania and Bosnia who are listening to imams sent by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to several states in Western Europe who promote the Muslim Brotherhood ideology.
” The issue is that in Western Europe there is more penetration of radicals and also preachers from the background of the Muslim Brotherhood, or they belong to Salafism(a Sunni reform movement promoting force to reestablish a caliphate),” Barak discussed.
” And in the United States there is also a motion of the Muslim Brotherhood but you can discover in the United States also other gamers, Islamic gamers, that are trying to diminish or to counter the ideology of the Muslim Brotherhood for instance, and of course the Salafists,” Barak continued.
Sufism is a moderate type of Islam that has actually been promoted by being successful administrations given that the September 11, 2001 fear attacks.
” From the Bush Administration, we are witness to an increase of the Sufi school playing the role, particularly in the United States, of trying to counter the extreme ideology of these radical movements,” Barak stated.
Geography also plays a role in why violent Islamic extremism appears to be worse in Europe than in the United States, according to experts, given that the United States is separated from the Middle East and North Africa by the Atlantic Ocean.
” Provided Europe’s geographic proximity to the Middle East and North Africa, there have actually been large numbers of European Muslims that have actually taken a trip to Iraq and Syria as foreign fighters. This in and of itself has a radicalizing element, particularly if there is cachet that includes joining a group like al-Qaida, ISIS, or any of their affiliates,” Colin P. Clarke, an adjunct senior political researcher at the RAND Corporation whose research study focuses on terrorism, insurgency and criminal networks, told The Media Line.
The Muslims who immigrate to the United States are usually more diverse than their brethren who make their method to Europe, with college levels and resources to be successful, experts explain.
Regardless of the rhetoric from the existing administration, the United States is still seen by much of the world as a country of immigrants with less socio-economic barriers compared to Europe.
” Unlike the American dream for all, in Europe for some Muslims the dream was offered by ISIS,” Anne Speckhard, director of the International Center for the Research Study of Violent Extremism, told The Media Line. “Naturally, it was false, but lots of still purchased into it and continue to do so.”
Fiyaz Mughal, founder and former director of London-based Faith Matters UK, a nongovernmental organization that works on countering extremism, supporting victims of hate criminal offenses and supporting social cohesion tasks in the UK and the Middle East, told The Media Line that there has been a shift over the previous two decades in the Muslim neighborhood understanding that Islamist extremism is an issue.
” The large bulk of Muslims undoubtedly recognize there is a concern and it needs to be tackled from the neighborhood. However, you have a small however considerably singing set of Islamist groups in the UK who constantly attempt to promote a view that Muslims are under danger or that Muslims are perpetual victims,” Mughal said.
Continued Mughal: “However most of the Muslims go about their every day lives. They are worried about their security. They understand that there is a problem. They are sickened by what is carried out in the name of their religion.”
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