The best way to prevent is to know the diseases that are spread by the presence of germs in the water of swimming pools, beaches, lakes and other aquatic spaces
There are certain diseases that are spread in swimming pools, beaches, and lakes and that should not be underestimated because water can be an invisible source of infection if basic prevention measures are not adopted. Not only the state of water can be a risk factor for health, but also other external factors such as wet and poorly sanitized environments. Waterborne diseases are caused by bacteria or germs that come into contact with the body by swallowing, breathing or touching the contaminated water in swimming pools, lakes, rivers or water parks. Otitis, urinary tract infections and intestinal infections are the most common. To dive into the water without risks, it is convenient to know how to prevent them.
Diseases that are spread through water
The diseases caused by water, whether in the pool, in the river or in the sea, in the presence of germs, affect the skin, eyes, and ears.
The chlorine in the water can cause skin irritations, especially when there is an excess. As a precaution, it is advisable to go through the shower before and after leaving the water. The so-called granuloma of the pools is a bacterial infection that appears in the knees and elbows. It occurs when the water contains the bacterium Mycobacterium marinum, which can penetrate through a cut or wound in the skin. The foot fungus is the most common infections in the skin, fungi that grow in damp or polluted environments. As preventive measures, avoid walking barefoot in spaces such as changing rooms of the pools, dry your feet well when leaving the water and do not share towels or swimsuits.
Diarrhea, vomiting, and fever are the most common symptoms of intestinal infections caused by too low a chlorine level of water, which favors the proliferation of germs in the water.
Infections in the eyes
The color or salt of the water can cause irritation, dryness or redness of the eyes. The color, along with some germs present in the water, can cause conjunctivitis. To avoid this, protect your eyes with water glasses.
Infections in the ears
Spending too much time in the water and not drying your ears well with a towel increases the risk of getting otitis, an infection of the outer ear, and that causes pain, a feeling of clogging, itching and slight hearing loss.
Cystitis, bacterial urinary tract infection is one of the most common complaints in summer. Stinging, pain or irritation are the most common symptoms. The excessive humidity favors its appearance, so it is advisable to avoid spending a long time with the wetsuit, use swimsuits that prevent the skin from perspiring.